The oldest living city in the world, Varanasi (also known as Benaras, Banaras or Kashi), is located in the south of Uttar Pradesh along the holy River Ganga dating to the 11th century B.C. Regarded as the spiritual capital of India. For centuries, the mysticism of this place has been attracting pilgrims from across India as well as abroad. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the "Golden Temple", dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. Varanasi has been a cultural centre of North India for several thousand years. It is renowned worldwide for its many ghats made in stone steps, along the river bank, where pilgrims perform intimate rituals of life and death parallelly. Ma Ganga is lined with ancient buildings on the west and a vast sandy beach on the east here. Exploring the religious geography of this city is an exhilarating experience.
Walk through the busy alleyways or watch the sunrise from a boat for an unforgettable experience. Not only religion, this city has long been an educational and musical center: many prominent Indian philosophers, poets, writers, and musicians live or have lived in the city. Jantar Mantar is one of the most popular and remarkable places in Varanasi. It illustrates the advancements of India in science. Jantar Mantar observatory was built in 1737 to know the exact time as well as planet and star movements. It has the ability to forecast eclipses and sun declination. The architectural style structure of the Jantar Mantar is a great place for all architects, astronomers and engineers. This magical place will shock, move, and transform you to the point where it just might end up being your favourite spot in all of India.